He campaigned successfully across the Punjab as far as… Alexander now occupied Babyloncity and province; Mazaeus, who surrendered it, was confirmed as satrap in conjunction with a Macedonian troop commander, and quite exceptionally was granted the right to coin. As in Egypt, the local priesthood was encouraged. Crushing the mountain tribe of the Ouxians, he now pressed on over the Zagros range into Persia proper and, successfully turning the Pass of the Persian Gates, held by the satrap Ariobarzaneshe entered Persepolis and Pasargadae. In spring Alexander marched north into Media and occupied its capital.
Why Pausanias killed the Macedonian king is a question that puzzled both ancient and modern historians.
But there are also reports that that both Olympias and Alexander were responsible for the assassination, by driving the young man into committing the act.
Philip, the great Macedonian conqueror was dead, the man who liberated his own country and brought if from the edge of the abyss into a world power. But soon he had to act outside Macedonia. He forced his way into Greece despite the roads leading to the country being blocked by the Thessalians. As soon as he restored Macedonian rule in northern Greece, he marched into southern Greece.
His speed surprised the Greeks and by the end of the summer BC they had no other choice but to acknowledge his authority.
Believing that Greece would remain calm, Alexander returned to Macedonia, marched east into Thrace, and campaigned as far as the Danube river. He defeated the Thracians and Tribalians in series of battles and drove the rebels beyond the river. Then he marched back across Macedonia and on his return crushed in a single week the threatening Illyrians, before they could receive additional reinforcements.
But now in Greece, upon rumors of his death, a major revolt broke out that engulfed the whole nation. Enraged, Alexander marched south covering miles in two weeks and appeared before the walls of Thebes with a large Macedonian army. He let the Greeks know that it was not too late for them to change their minds, but the Thebans confident in their position called for all the Greeks who wished to set Greece free to join them against the Macedonians.
They were not aware that the Athenians and the Peloponnesians, stunned by the speed of the Macedonian king, quickly reconsidered their options and were now awaiting the outcome of the battle before they make their next move. The Macedonians stormed the city, killing everyone in sight, women and children included.
Only the temples and the house of the poet Pindar were spared from destruction. This was to be an example to the rest of Greece and Athens and the other Greek city-states quickly rethought their quest for freedom.
Greece remained under Macedonian rule. Battle of Granicus With the conquered territories firmly in Macedonian control, Alexander completed the final preparations for the invasion of Asia. He stepped onto the shore, pulled the weapon from the soil, and declared that the whole of Asia would be won by the Macedonian spear.
Asia will be won by the Macedonian spear! In the army there were 25, Macedonians, 7, Greeks, and 7, Thracians and Illyrians, but the chief officers were all Macedonians, and Macedonians also commanded the foreign troops.
There were 40, Persians and Greeks 20, each waiting for them at the crossing of the river Granicus, near the ancient city of Troy.
It is important to note the number of Greeks on the both sides. But far greater number of Greeks joined the Persians brushing away the memory of the Persian invasion of Greece some years ago. The ancient Greek historian Arrian cited the "old racial rivalry between the Greeks and Macedonians" that led to this hatred on both sides.
Alexander the Great and the Macedonian cavalry crossing river Granicus Artwork by Peter Connolly The Macedonians defeated the Persians and put them to flight and although the Greeks held their ground and fiercely fought, the battle ended in Macedonian victory. Almost the entire Greek force was annihilated.
The Macedonians lost only men according to tradition. Ironically, it is not the Persians but the Greek coastal cities which gave the greatest resistance to the Macedonians.
Alexander Alexander the Great (*; r. ): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, Media, Bactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus. Alexander II: Alexander II, emperor of Russia (–81). His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation () of the serfs. Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan. Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven.
The Greek commander Memnon and his men considerably slow down the advance of Alexander and many Macedonians died during the long and difficult sieges of the Greek cities of Halicarnassus, Miletus, Mylasa.
But at the end the Macedonian army defeated the enemy and conquered the coast of Asia Minor. Alexander then turned northward to central Asia Minor, to the city of Gordium. Alexander knew the legend that said that the man who could untie the ancient knot was destined to rule the entire world.
To that date nobody had succeeded in raveling the knot. But the young Macedonian king simply slashed it with his sword and unraveling its ends.
Describing the atmosphere before a battle, the Roman historian Curtius explained how Alexander raised the morale of the Macedonians, Greeks, Illyrians, and Thracians in his army, one at the time: The Macedonians, who had won so many battles in Europe and set off to invade Asia They would subdue all races on Earth.
Bactria and India would become Macedonian provinces. Getting closer to the Greeks, he reminded them that those were the people the Persians on the other side who provoked war with Greece, As the Illyrians and Thracians lived mainly from plunder, he told them to look at the enemy line glittering in goldAlexander II: Alexander II, emperor of Russia (–81).
His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation () of the serfs. Life Of Alexander The Great #35 – The Philotas Affair In this episode, Alexander has to deal with THE PHILOTAS AFFAIR.
Philotas, the son of Philip's old general, Parmenion, and currently commander of Alexander's Companion Cavalry, is accused of [ ]. Alexander the Great Alexander of Macedon Biography. King of Macedonia and Conqueror of the Persian Empire.
Alexander III the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. Alexander the Great knew Homer's Iliad by heart and slept with a copy of it under his pillow every night.
He adopted the hero Achilles as his role model, who Alexander claimed was an ancestor of his.
He adopted the hero Achilles as his role model, who Alexander claimed was an ancestor of his. Alexander II: Alexander II, emperor of Russia (–81). His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation () of the serfs.
A period of. Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great (21 July BCE – 10 or 11 June BCE), was the son of King Philip II of Macedon. He became king upon his father’s death in BCE and went on to conquer most of the known world of his day.