Computer technology has been incorporated into automobiles. Computers are involved as CAD systems not only in the design of cars but also in the manufacturing and testing process, perhaps making use of CIM technology. By the beginning of the 20th century, German and French manufacturers had been joined by BritishItalianand American makers.
American automobile industry in the s and s American automobile culture Initial auto production after the WWII was slowed by the retooling process, shortages of materials, and labor unrest. However, the American auto industry reflected the post-war prosperity of the lates and the s.
Cars grew in overall size, as well as engine size during the s. The Overhead valve V-8 engine developed by GM in the lates proved to be very successful and helped ignite the horsepower race, the second salvo of which was Chrysler's Hemi engine.
Longer, lower, and wider tended to be the general trend.
Exterior styling was influenced by jets and rockets as the space-age dawned. Rear fins were popular and continued to grow larger, and front bumpers and taillights were sometimes designed in the shape of rockets.
Chrome plating was very popular, as was two-tone paint. The most extreme version of these styling trends were found in the Cadillac Eldorado and Chrysler Corporation's Imperial.
The Chevrolet Corvette and the Ford Thunderbirdintroduced in and respectively, were designed to capture the sports car market. However, the Thunderbird grew in size in and evolved into a personal luxury car.
The s were also noted for perhaps one of the biggest miscues in auto marketing with the Ford Edselwhich was the result of unpopular styling and being introduced during an economic recession. The introduction of the Interstate Highway System  and the suburbanization of America made automobiles more necessary  and helped change the landscape and culture in the United States.
Individuals began to see the automobile as an extension of themselves. As urban areas became more congested, more families migrated to the suburbs. Between and70 percent of the population's growth occurred in the suburbs. ByRambler was the third most popular brand of automobile in the United States, behind Ford and Chevrolet.
The four-seat Ford Thunderbird second generation was arguably the first personal luxury carwhich became a large market segment. This car combined sporty looks with a long hood, small rear deck, and a small rear seat. Muscle cars were also introduced in with the Pontiac GTO.
These combined an intermediate-sized body with a large high-output engine. Muscle cars reached their peak in the lates, but soon fell out of favor due to high insurance premiums along with the combination of emission controls and high gas prices in the early s.
While the personal luxury, pony, and muscle cars got most of the attention, the full sized cars formed the bulk of auto sales in the s, helped by low oil prices. The styling excesses and technological gimmicks such as the retractable hardtop and the pushbutton automatic transmission of the s were de-emphasized.
The rear fins were downsized and largely gone by the mids, as was the excessive chrome.The Big 3 auto makers, General Motors, Ford and Chrysler were all formed and headquartered in Detroit by (Wright, Richard A.) After fledgling beginnings and the national struggle of the Great Depression, the American automotive industry entered its Golden Age with the end of World War II.
The effects of the Great Depression also set the stage for another huge moment in the American automotive industry. During the depression, automobile companies had to make financial sacrifices to stay in business, and the working conditions of their employees worsened.
Very little new housing was built during the Great Depression and World War II. correct Most jobs in defense plants during World War II were held by white males.
The federal government instituted wage and price controls during World War II. Great Depression and World War II The s saw the demise of many auto makers due to the economic effects of the Great Depression, stiff competition from the Big Three, and/or mismanagement.
Luxury car makers were particularly affected by the economy, with companies like Stutz Motor Company, Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company, . The Great Depression hit the car industry hard, according to the GM Heritage Center. Many automotive historians estimate that up to half of all car companies failed during the s.
At the start of the Great Depression, car . Labor and the Post-War Automation Movement During the Second World War, automobile manufacturers engaged in extensive experimentation with new industrial techniques, notably in the area of automated production, often government financed.