Use of the expression has partially superceded the terms "sect" or "cult" in reference to non-mainline religious movements—although the latter more pejorative terms are still widely used in public discourse. While it is not possible to gage accurately the total number of individuals involved in these movements, the scale on which they have emerged since the s is unique.
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|The list does not include groups that clearly fit the profile of a cult. These are included in the list of purported cults.|
|NRMs are characterized by a number of shared traits.|
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November NRMs are diverse in their beliefs, practices, organization, and societal acceptance.
Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe have consequently proposed that there are NRMs, particularly those who have gained adherents in a number of nations, which can be understood as forming global sub-cultures.
In general, the number of people who have affiliated with NRMs worldwide is small when compared to major world religions. In Africa, David Barrett has documented the emergence of 6, new indigenous churches since the late s.
It was here that the phenomena of Cargo Cults were first discerned by anthropologists and religious studies scholars. The Cargo Cults are interpreted as indigenous NRMs that have arisen in response to colonial and post-colonial cultural changes, including the influx of modernisation and capitalist consumerism.
At the time of their foundation, the religious traditions considered "established" or "mainstream" today were seen as new religious movements. For example, Christianity was opposed by people within Judaism and within the Roman culture as sacrilege toward existing doctrines.
Likewise, Protestant Christianity was originally seen—and is still considered by some today—as a new religious movement or breakaway development. Others have emerged via a dominating scientific perspective or by atheistic rebellion to the established beliefs of their culture.
Still others have added a religious ingredient to their humanistic thinking. Joining According to Marc Gallanter,  typical reasons why people join "cults" include a search for community and a spiritual quest.
Rodney Stark and William Bainbridge, in discussing the process by which individuals join new religious groups, have even questioned the utility of the concept of conversion, suggesting that affiliation is a more useful concept. Leaving There are at least three ways people leave an NRM: Barker mentions that some former members may not take new initiatives for quite a long time after disaffiliation from the NRM.
This generally does not concern the many superficial, short-lived, or peripheral supporters of an NRM. Reasons for this trauma may include: Those reasons may prevent a member from leaving even if the member realizes that some things in the NRM are wrong According to Kranenborg, in some religious groups, members have all their social contacts within the group, which makes disaffection and disaffiliation very traumatic.
While psychological and social problems upon resignation are not uncommon, their character and intensity are greatly dependent on the personal history and on the traits of the ex-member, and on the reasons for and way of resignation.
In their book Theory of Religion, Rodney Stark and William Sims Bainbridge propose that the formation of "cults" can be explained through a combination of four models: NRMs and the media An article on the categorization of new religious movements in U.Cult Controversies: The Societal Response to the New Religious Movements.
Beckford, James A. NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS New Religious Movements is a label covering a broad spectrum of world-wide spiritual ferment that has been especially pronounced since the s. Use of the expression has partially superceded the terms "sect" or "cult" in reference to non-mainline religious movements—although the latter (more pejorative) terms are still widely used in public discourse.
Religious Conversion, Contemporary Practices and Controversies. Christopher Lamb and Darrol Bryant (Eds.).
London and New new religious movements and the controversies surrounding those conversions. Tarnal Krishna Goswami. learn that “cults” or new religious movements can and should be studied like any other social, cultural, and historical phenomena.
Yet the controversy surrounding conﬂict between the new religions and “various non-religious conditions imposed by. New Religious Movements: Their Incidence and Significance Introduction The subject that I address in this introduction - the incidence and significance of new religious.
Understanding New Religions and Spiritual Movements School of Consciousness and Transformation TSD The growth of religious and spiritual movements, both imported from other societies and originating in the United States, has implications for the way in which Americans address the sensibilities of spirituality and religiosity.