Introduction The purpose of this paper is to define contemporary urban design theory, its principles and to discover their origins. The principles governing urban design theory have been shaped and moulded by society, economics, environment and politics. This paper aims to discover what where the catalysts and reasons for the formation and origins of the principles of contemporary urban design theory. This paper will look at what urban design is; its function and purpose.
Building Design Principles Urban Design Principles Planning to effectively meet the conditions and realities of a Post Carbon, Climate Responsible world will require a shift in our current understanding of what constitutes good urban design and planning.
Many of the practices that we now take for granted, such as planning cities around automobile transportation, and zoning for single uses, will no longer be economically, environmentally, or culturally viable.
To address the changes in urban design and planning, we are putting forward the following principles for resilient urban planning and design in a post-carbon, climate-responsive building environment.
Density, Diversity and Mix Resilient Cities and neighbourhoods will need to embrace density, diversity and mix of uses, users, building types, and public spaces. Creating resiliency and reducing the carbon footprint of urban development requires us to maximize the active use of space and land.
A single use low density residential neighbourhood or suburban business parks, are typically underutilized during long periods of time.
A vibrant and sufficiently densely populated urban environment, by contrast, is well used round-the-clock, all days of the week, and during all seasons.
This results from a closely knit mix of uses e. Dense mixed use neighbourhoods also allow for the effective functioning of all types of business, social and cultural activities with very low inputs of energy for transportation and logistics, thus increasing the resilience of these neighbourhoods.
Pedestrians First Resilient cities and neighbourhoods will prioritize walking as the preferred mode of travel, and as a defining component of a healthy quality of life.
Reducing car-dependency is a key objective and imperative. Luckily, the alternative modes of transportation — namely walking, cycling, and transit — result in more sustainable urban environments, and in an improved quality of life.
It are the cities and neighbourhoods that have prioritized walking, that have created desirable locations to live, work, play, and invest in.
The term pedestrian, as used in these principles, includes persons with disabilities. Transit Supportive Resilient cities and neighbourhoods will develop in a way that is transit supportive.
After walking and cycling, transit is the most sustainable mode of transportation. Resilient cities will need to re-orient their way of thinking, by shifting from car oriented urban patterns e. Not only will pedestrian, and mass transportation friendly planning increase the quality of life of a cities, as fuel prices rise after Peak Oil, only cities that are viable without heavy dependence on the car will have the best chances of economic and social success.
All successful cities and successful neighbourhoods include vibrant places, with a strong sense of identity, which are integral to community life and the public realm: A resilient post-carbon community, which reorients city-life to the pedestrian scale a m radiusmust focus its efforts to creating a number of local destinations, which attract a critical-mass of users and activities.
Sprawl, for example, has very little place-making. A traditional village or an urban downtown, by contrast, have innumerable nocks and crannies, grand public spaces, gorgeous streetscapes, which make them desirable, successful, and sustainable. Heritage resources — buildings, structures, and landscapes — represents a significant opportunity for place-making i.
Complete Communities Resilient neighbourhoods will provide the needs of daily living, within walking distance a m radius.
Resilient communities, will reduce their carbon footprint by ensuring people opt to walk or cycle, instead of using a car. To achieve this, destinations must be accessible within a pleasant walking distance — people should be able and willing to walk from home to work, to school, to shop, to recreate, and to engage the activities of their everyday life.
Longer distances should be achievable through transit.3 Good urban design is not an abstract ideal. It is a matter of creating the right conditions to make places work, and the planning system has a central role.
In regards to urban design, many cities still underestimate the importance of a city’s look and feel, public spaces, and public infrastructure, failing to fully comprehend the correlation with quality of life, social development, and other key components of human well being.
The urban planning field encompasses areas of expertise such as urban and development economics, geographical information systems, housing, transportation and landscape design.
As a student in this program, you will gain skills in these areas to help communities make smart decisions about the use of land and resources. Urban design is the art of making places for people. It includes the way places work and matters such as community safety, as well as how they look. It concerns the connections between people and places, movement and urban form, nature and the built fabric, and the processes for ensuring.
Dec 20, · I have a research project in a similar vein, but focusing on the design process, with the same 'semantic' seeking to revive urban design method and process away from its . The best urban outcomes start with a clear idea about purpose, a personality for the place if you will.
Knowing what it is you are seeking to become brings order and clarity to design thinking and creates a clear framework around which investment can be prioritised and staged.