Click for larger view After The Sound and the Fury was published in OctoberFaulkner had to turn his attention to making money. The novel would be published in October The year was significant to Faulkner for two other reasons as well, both of which took place in April. First, he bought a decrepit antebellum house in Oxford, which plunged him further into debt but in which he would find comfort and pleasure for the rest of his life.
William Faulkner Full name William Cuthbert Faulkner American novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, essayist, and screenwriter.
The following entry provides criticism on Faulkner's works from through A preeminent figure in twentieth-century American literature, Faulkner created a profound and William faulkners as i lay dying essay body of work in which he often explored exploitation and corruption in the American South.
Many of Faulkner's novels and short stories are set in Yoknapatawpha County, a fictional area reflecting the geographical and cultural background of his native Mississippi.
Faulkner's works frequently reflect the tumultuous history of the South while developing perceptive explorations of the human character. Murry Falkner worked for the family railroad until it was sold inat which time he moved his family to Oxford, Mississippi. An indifferent student, Faulkner dropped out of high school in to work as a clerk in his grandfather's bank.
He began writing poetry and submitted drawings to the University of Mississippi's yearbook. Instead, he manipulated his acceptance into the Royal Canadian Air Force by affecting a British accent and forging letters of recommendation.
The war ended before Faulkner experienced combat duty, however, and he returned to his hometown where he intermittently attended the University of Mississippi as a special student. He was released from his duties, however, because he often failed to deliver mail.
After the end of his postal career, Faulkner traveled to New Orleans to visit his friend Elizabeth Prall, who was married to the acclaimed fiction writer Sherwood Anderson.
Though Faulkner's primary ambition was to be a poet and his verse was published in his first full-length book, The Marble Faunhe realized that his prose was more accomplished and was encouraged by Anderson to write fiction. When his next work, Sartoristhe first novel set in Yoknapatawpha County, was rejected by numerous publishers, Faulkner became disgusted with the publishing industry and decided to write only for himself.
The resulting novel, The Sound and the Furyestablished the respect of numerous literary critics towards Faulkner's work and went on to become one of his best-known works. With critical recognition established, Faulkner sought greater financial rewards from his writing.
An objective study of human evil, Sanctuary caused a minor uproar even in its revised form. While it became Faulkner's best-selling novel, a number of critics disparaged the work for its sensationalistic violence. Faulkner lived and worked sporadically in Hollywood throughout the s and s, gaining success as a scriptwriter.
But despite making a solid income from this work, Faulkner disliked Hollywood and returned to Oxford. Themes in Faulkner's fiction in the late s have been said to mirror the personal conflicts in which he was engaged at the time. He and his wife Estelle argued violently and drank heavily, and Faulkner considered divorce.
But he feared this would keep him from his daughter, and his sense of honor did not allow him to leave the marriage. In the mids personal and financial troubles seemed to consume Faulkner, and six years elapsed between the publications of his works Go Down, Moses and Intruder in the Dust His literary reputation was in a rut until the publication of The Portable Faulkner, edited by Malcolm Cowley, which is credited with making Faulkner's rather difficult fiction accessible to a wider audience and reigniting critical interest in him.
His election in to the American Academy of Arts and Letters was followed by the Nobel Prize for Literature, making Faulkner one the most respected living American writers.
In the s Faulkner was a much-sought-after lecturer throughout the world. In he became writer-in-residence at the University of Virginia and began dividing his time between Charlottesville and Oxford. In he suffered serious injuries in horse-riding accidents. Faulkner died of a heart attack on July 6, Major Works Neither of Faulkner's first two novels, Soldiers' Pay and Mosquitoesreceived much critical notice.
Mosquitoes is a mildly satirical study of the New Orleans literary scene.
The Sound and the Fury, the first novel Faulkner wrote with no concern for financial reward, chronicles the disintegration of the Compson family, reflecting Faulkner's thematic interest in the deterioration of community. The novel's complex structure incorporates multiple narrative viewpoints, the incantatory repetition of certain words, long, convoluted sentences, and the intermingling of past and present.
Reflecting many of Faulkner's works, the characters in The Sound and the Fury are obsessed with and even controlled by forces and events from their own pasts. For example, Quentin Compson commits suicide, partly as a result of his inability to relinquish an incestuous childhood relationship with his sister.
Faulkner's work grew increasingly complex during the s, making even greater demands upon readers and eliciting mixed critical response. As I Lay Dying is a novella composed of fifty-nine interior monologues providing various perspectives through constantly shifting, contrasting points of view.
Light in August examines the origins of personal identity and the roots of racial conflicts. The novel begins by introducing a few characters and then turns to the plight of Joe Christmas, who is trying to uncover his true identity by piecing together bits of hearsay information.
Because this story is told in an extended flashback, many critics felt that it suffered from faulty structure.
But defenders of the novel claim that this structure is intentional and serves to enhance the thematic scope of the narrative. Faulkner's next major novel, Absalom, Absalom!
With the publication of Absalom, Absalom!- William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying Works Cited Missing Fulfilling a promise they had made to their mother, Addie, Cash, Darl, Jewel, Dewey Dell, and Vardaman, in William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, journey across the Mississippi countryside to bring her body to be buried in .
As I Lay Dying by Faulkner - As I Lay Dying is a novel by William Faulkner first published in The book is the subject of critical acclaim, topping many 20th century literary lists. The book is the subject of critical acclaim, topping many 20th century literary lists. Faulkner, William – Faulkner, a Southern American novelist, set his fiction in the imaginary Yoknapatawpha County.
His best-known works are The Sound and the Fury, Sanctuary, As I Lay. In “As I Lay Dying” William Faulkner uses multiple points of view to explore the theme of existence as a motionless and meaningless cycle.
William Faulkner's "As I Lay Dying" - In As I Lay Dying, William Faulkner uses the characters Anse and Cash, and a motif/symbol in "My mother is a fish," to reveal the psychological and societal problems of the twenties and thirties. Information about writer William Faulkner, including a biographical and critical article, a list of published works, and other information resources.
wrote As I Lay Dying, later claiming it was a “tour de force” and that he had written it “in six weeks, by posing for photographs and portraits in .